The BJP, either on its own or in alliance with other parties, ruled nearly 70 percent of the total geographical area of the country in March 2018. This now has come down to 34 percent.
BJP and its allies now rule 16 states in India, as compared to 21 states in March 2018. The NDA lost power in Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh last year and in Maharashtra and Jharkhand this year. Some of the states where the NDA is currently in power include Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Gujarat, Karnataka, and Bihar.
The downward spiral for the BJP began last year with losses in politically crucial states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. While it lost by a small margin in Rajasthan and MP, the party suffered a humiliating defeat in Chhattisgarh. The BJP had ruled both MP and Chhattisgarh for three consecutive terms before it lost power to Congress in December 2018.
In October this year, the BJP lost power in Maharashtra after its pre-poll ally Shiv Sena broke the alliance to form the government led by Uddhav Thackerey with support from the Nationalist Congress Party and the Congress.
Even in Haryana, which went to polls at the same time, BJP had fallen short of the majority mark and had to reach out to Dushyant Chautala's JJP to form the government in the state.